Self printing program

Posted in Programming on July 29, 2014 by manhhomienbienthuy Comments
Self printing program

A quine is a non-empty computer program which takes no input and produces a copy of its own source code as its only output. The standard terms for these programs in the computability theory and computer science literature are "self-replicating programs", "self-reproducing programs", and "self-copying programs".

A quine is a fixed point of an execution environment, when the execution environment is viewed as a function. Quines are possible in any Turing complete programming language, as a direct consequence of Kleene's recursion theorem. For amusement, programmers sometimes attempt to develop the shortest possible quine in any given programming language.

The name "quine" was coined by Douglas Hofstadter, in his popular science book Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid, in the honor of philosopher Willard Van Orman Quine (1908–2000), who made an extensive study of indirect self-reference, and in particular for the following paradox-producing expression, known as Quine's paradox:

"Yields falsehood when preceded by its quotation" yields falsehood when preceded by its quotation.

In some languages, particularly scripting languages, an empty source file is a fixed point of the language, being a valid program that produces no output. Such an empty program, submitted as "the world's smallest self reproducing program", once won the "worst abuse of the rules" prize in the International Obfuscated C Code Contest.

C

#include <stdio.h>

main ()
{
  char *s = "#include <stdio.h>%cmain()%c&#123;%c  char *s=%c%s%c;%c  printf (s, 10, 10, 10, 34, s, 34, 10, 10, 10);%c}%c";
  printf (s, 10, 10, 10, 34, s, 34, 10, 10, 10);
}

python

print open(__file__).read()

or

s = 's = %r\nprint(s%%s)'
print(s%s)

Java

public class Quine
{
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
    char q = 34;      // Quotation mark character
    String[] l = {    // Array of source code
    "public class Quine",
    "{",
    "  public static void main(String[] args)",
    "  {",
    "    char q = 34;      // Quotation mark character",
    "    String[] l = {    // Array of source code",
    "    ",
    "    };",
    "    for(int i = 0; i < 6; i++ )          // Print opening code",
    "        System.out.println(l[i]);",
    "    for(int i = 0; i < l.length; i++)    // Print string array",
    "        System.out.println( l[6] + q + l[i] + q + ',' );",
    "    for(int i = 7; i < l.length; i++)    // Print this code",
    "        System.out.println( l[i] );",
    "  }",
    "}",
    };
    for(int i = 0; i < 6; i++)           // Print opening code
        System.out.println(l[i]);
    for(int i = 0; i < l.length; i++)    // Print string array
        System.out.println(l[6] + q + l[i] + q + ',');
    for(int i = 7; i < l.length; i++)    // Print this code
        System.out.println(l[i]);
  }
}

Ruby

eval s="print 'eval s=';p s"

I apologise for any typos. If you notice a problem, please let me know.

Thank you all for your attention.